El artículo editorial del New York Times de ayer advertía que los riesgos de la fractura hidráulica son reales. Así mismo menciona que la fractura hidráulica podría prohibirse en las cuencas hidrográficas que abastecen de agua potable sin filtrar a la ciudad de Nueva York y Syracuse.
Esta es la Editorial del The New York Times:
Drilling in New York
Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s preliminary blueprint for hydraulic fracturing in New York State strikes a sensible balance between the need for economic development and the need to protect the environment and human health. Many important issues must still be addressed — and tough, detailed regulations issued — before Mr. Cuomo can think of greenlighting drilling. But he appears to be on the right track.
As reported in The Times on Wednesday, the plan would restrict hydraulic fracturing to economically depressed counties along the Pennsylvania border, and only if local communities agreed to the drilling. Hydraulic fracturing would be prohibited in sensitive watersheds that supply unfiltered drinking water to New York City and Syracuse.
More than a dozen states have encouraged extensive hydraulic fracturing. But the natural gas industry is poorly regulated, and the environmental risks are real. Reports of air and water pollution elsewhere have raised fear and opposition among many residents who live in New York’s portion of the gas-rich Marcellus Shale formation.
The state’s Department of Environmental Conservation is expected to issue a broad environmental analysis as well as detailed regulations governing natural gas drilling late this summer. The rules must require that wells be properly encased and drilled deep enough to prevent drilling fluids and methane gas from contaminating water supplies. They must provide for the safe disposal of the millions of gallons of chemical-laced wastewater discharged by every well, and prevent leaks of air pollutants, including methane, a potent greenhouse gas.
Mr. Cuomo must also beef up a state regulatory apparatus that is now severely understaffed. The challenge in New York is the same as it is elsewhere: harvesting a considerable natural resource without putting public health or the environment at risk. An exemplary regulatory program could be a model for the rest of the country.